In regard to fireplaces, there are specific terms that are used for the different parts of the fireplace structure. To help the public understand the different parts of fireplaces, here are some definitions and explanations of the different terms that are commonly used.
The firebox is the chamber in which the fuel is burned in a fireplace. All fireplaces have a firebox and they are typically made of metal or stone.
This is the pipe or duct that is used to channel smoke from the fire to the chimney and outside. The basic purpose of the flue is to allow the byproducts of the fire to be vented from the house with a minimal amount of heat loss.
This refers to the area that surrounds a fireplace that is set into a wall. Tile and stonework are common designs for a fireplace surround.
A fireplace insert is a self-contained combustion system that is designed to fit into the place where an existing fireplace is. The purpose of an insert is to improve upon the efficiency of a traditional fire place. Inserts come in a variety of sizes and there are models that use different types of fuels.
This is the metal that is installed around the edge of a chimney to prevent leaks from occurring between the roof and the chimney.
This is the structure that frames the opening to a fireplace. A mantel is often made of stone, wood or a precast material.